ICE optimisation may not be enough for future US emissions regulations

From 2020, some electrification could be necessary for all vehicles made for the US—but will the consumer play ball, and will California’s emissions sovereignty remain? By Xavier Boucherat

At a time when vehicle electrification is becoming a mainstream concept—if not in practice, then certainly in theory—it is easy to forget that automakers building cars for the US have achieved much through the ongoing optimisation of standard internal combustions engines (ICE)….

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